Smallpox Eraducation  Archives

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Summary

Year Title Authors Journal
1970 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 48, 9 Oct 1970
Europe
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 45(41):453-8 PDF
1970 An airborne outbreak of smallpox in a German hospital and its significance with respect to other recent outbreaks in Europe PF Wehrle, J Posch, KH Richter, DA Henderson Bull World Health Organ 1970 43(5):669-79 OPEN
1972 Smallpox in Europe, 1950-1971 Mack TM J Infect Dis 1972 125(2):161-9
1974 Importations of smallpox into Europe 1961-1973 DA Henderson WHO/SE/74.62 PDF

Country Year Importations Cases Deaths Mortality Rate
Belgium 1961
1968
Total
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
-
1
100%
-
50%
Czechoslovakia 1967 1 1 - -
Denmark 1970 1 2 1 50%
East Germany 1959 1 1 - -
Germany 1958-59
1961
1965
1967
1969
Total
1
3
1
2
1
8
20
43
2
3
20
88
2
4
-
-
4
10
10%
9%
-
-
20%
11%
Poland 1962
1963
Total
1
1
2
33
100
133
-
7
7
-
7%
5%
Spain 1961 1 17 3 18%
Sweden 1962 1 27 4 15%
Switzerland 1963 1 1 - -
United Kingdom






Laboratory-associated
1959
1960
1961
1962
1967
1968
1973
1978
Total
1
1
3
3
1
1
1
1
12
1
1
19
51
2
1
1
2
77
-
-
7
19
-
-
-
1
27
-
-
37%
37%
-
-
-
50%
35%
USSR 1959
1961
Total
2
2
4
47
2
49
3
-
3
6%
-
6%
Yugoslavia 1972 1 176 35 20%
Total 35 574 91 16%

Canada

Year Title Authors Journal
1965 Smallpox control in Canada Best EW, Davies JW Can Med Assoc J 1965 92:1247-52 OPEN

Czechoslovakia

Importations and outbreaks (1959-1974):

1. Mar 1967, Prague, by air from India. 1 case (survived)


Year Title Authors Journal
1967 WER. Importation. Returning air crew. First case reported since 1925 WHO WER 17 Mar 1967 42(11):141-2 PDF
1968 [Analysis of the measures taken in a case of smallpox introduced into Czechoslovakia]. Czech Krásná V, Balâková D Cesk Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol 1968 17(4):217-24
1976 Measures for smallpox eradication in the Czech countries at the beginning of the 19th century Raška K Int J Epidemiol 1976 5(3):227-9
1981 [Contribution of Czechoslovak health services to the world-wide eradication of smallpox]. Czech Ježek Z, Serý V Cesk Zdrav 1981 29(5):191-7

Germany (Federal Republic)

Year Title Authors Journal
Importation in Regensburg, Feb 1967
1967 WER. Importation: Regensburg. Returning tourist. Actions taken WHO WER 17 Mar 1967 42(11):141-2 PDF
1968 [Smallpox in Regensburg. A clinical and epidemiological analysis of 2 patients]. German Epp C, Schopp W Dtsch Med Wochenschr 1968 93(9):384-7
Importation in Hanover, Mar 1967
1967 WER. Importation: Hanover. Returning researcher WHO WER 31 Mar 1967 42(13):162 PDF
1967 WER. Importation: Hanover update WHO WER 7 Apr 1967 42(14):175 PDF
Epidemic in Meschede, Dec 1969-Feb 1970
1970 WER. Importation: Meschede. Returnee from Pakistan. Actions taken. WHO WER 23 Jan 1970 45(4):41 PDF
1970 WER. Importation: Meschede update. 2 confirmed, 1 suspected secondary cases; one death WHO WER 30 Jan 1970 45(5):47 PDF
1970 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 37, 6 Feb 1970
Outbreak: Meschede, Germany: 15 secondary cases, 2 deaths
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 45(6):65-71 PDF
1970 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 38, 27 Feb 1970
Outbreak update: Meschede, Germany
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 45(9):93-8 PDF
1970 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 40, 17 Apr 1970
Importation: Germany
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 45(16):177-85 PDF
1970 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 42, 4 Jun 1970
Outbreak: Meschede, Germany
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 45(23):249-56 PDF
1970 [Smallpox outbreak in Meschede. Preliminary report]. German Richter KH, Ippen H Arch Hyg Bakteriol 1970 154(1):88-9
1970 An airborne outbreak of smallpox in a German hospital and its significance with respect to other recent outbreaks in Europe Wehrle PF, Posch J, Richter KH, Henderson DA Bull World Health Organ 1970 43(5):669-79 OPEN
1970 Airborne transmission of smallpox Br Med J 1970 4(5728):127 OPEN
1971 The epidemiological observations made in the two smallpox outbreaks in the land of North Rhine-Westphalia, 1962 at Simmerath (Eifel region) and 1970 at Meschede Richter MK Bull Soc Pathol Exot Filiales 1971 64(5):775-7
1971 The recent outbreak of smallpox in Meschede, West Germany Gelfand HM, Posch J Am J Epidemiol 1971 93(4):234-237
1973 [Two cases of smallpox in Hanover (1967 and 1972): clinical features, epidemiology, and laboratory diagnosis]. German Höpken W, Willers H, Knocke KW, Olberding P, Liess B, Petzold K, Laufs R, Raub HW Dtsch Med Wochenschr 1973 98(12):587-93
Vaccination and Vaccination Policy
1969 [Smallpox vaccination 1961-1965 and postvaccinal complications 1946-1966 in the land of North-Rhine-Westphalia]. German Trüb CL, Ehlers F Arch Hyg Bakteriol 1969 153(4):354-65
1972 [Smallpox vaccination. Consequences of recommendations of the Federal Institute of Public Health in various states]. German Seeber E Ther Ggw 1972 111(3):382-8
1975 [New regulations for compulsory smallpox vaccination. Decision of the plenary session of the Federal Health Council on November 25 and 26, 1974]. German Dtsch Krankenpflegez 1975 28(4):173-4

Mexico

Year Title Authors Journal
1965 [Smallpox in Mexico]. Spanish Moreno Valle R Salud Publica Mex 1965 7(2):149-54 OPEN
1965 [Smallpox - a constant menace]
World Health Day address, 7 April 1965. Spanish
Coll HA Salud Publica Mex 1965 7(2):283-6 OPEN
1969 [Susceptibility to smallpox in the marginal population of the Distrito Federal]. Spanish Calderón E, Larios G, Gómez D, Heredia A, Vanzzini V, Genera Y Salud Publica Mex 1969 11(1):53-60 OPEN
1977 [The 25th anniversary of smallpox eradication in Mexico. III. From the independence (1821) till the eradication]. Spanish Erosa-Barbachano A Gac Med Mex 1977 113(12):560-2

Poland

Year Title Authors Journal
Epidemic in Gdansk 1962
1965 [Smallpox epidemic in Gdansk in 1962]. Polish Bincer J, Wysoczyńska H, Trzaska B Przegl Epidemiol 1965 19(4):421-31
Epidemic in Wroclaw 1963
1965 [The peripheral blood picture in complications after smallpox vaccinations in 1963]. Polish Migdalska-Kassurowa Przegl Epidemiol 1965 19:75-81
1965 [Difficulties in the morphologic diagnosis of smallpox during the Wrocław epidemic in 1963]. Polish Cywicki J, Reck J Przegl Epidemiol 1965 19(2):168-70
1965 [Mass smallpox vaccinations in Poland in 1963 and the epidemic situation of viral hepatitis]. Polish Kulesza A, Kacprzak M, Milewska L Przegl Epidemiol 1965 19(3):321-30
1965 [Laboratory diagnosis of smallpox during the 1963 epidemic in Poland]. Polish Mészáros J, Fidziańska E, Kreska B Przegl Epidemiol 1965 19(3):335-46
1965 [Impressions from the smallpox epidemic 1963 in the People's Republic of Poland]. German Hornik J Z Arztl Fortbild (Jena) 1965 59(8):471-4
1965 [Diagnostic difficulties in cases of smallpox during the Wroclaw epidemic in 1963]. Polish Reck J, Stachurska I Wiad Lek 1965 18:557-63
1965 [Cases of hemorrhagic diathesis in smallpox patients during the 1963 Wroclaw epidemic]. Polish Surowcowa-Swidzińska A, Hawling T, Oleksin D Pol Tyg Lek 1965 20(34):1277-9
1965 [Eye complications after smallpox vaccination during the smallpox epidemic in Wroclaw in 1963]. Polish Krudysz J Klin Oczna 1965 35:23-7
1966 [Laboratory characteristics of variola strains isolated during the smallpox epidemic in Poland in 1963]. Polish Mészáros J Przegl Epidemiol 1966 20(4):417-22
1968 [Analysis of complications in vaccinated children during the epidemic of smallpox in 1963 in the province of Wroclaw]. Polish Maszkiewicz W, Penar S Pol Tyg Lek 1968 23(32):1195-8
Other
1972 [Beginnings of smallpox vaccination in Poland]. Polish Konopka S Arch Hist Med (Warsz) 1972 35(3):303-8
1975 The level of some smallpox antibodies in selected population groups of several regions of Poland: In the years 1970-1973 Potajallo U Bull Inst Marit Trop Med Gdynia 1975 26(3-4):395-405

Sweden

Year Title Authors Journal
1965 [Experiences in the 1963 smallpox vaccination campaign of post office personnel in the Stockholm area]. Swedish Ostlund E, Bloom G, Sandberg E Soc Med Tidskr 1965 42:9-23
1966 Acta Med Scand Suppl Vol. 464. Special issue
- Epidemiology of smallpox in Stockholm 1963 Zetterberg B, Ringertz O, Svedmyr A, Wallmark G, Alin K Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:7-42
- Apparatus for mass vaccination against smallpox Peterson N Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:43-44
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. II. Case histories Zetterberg B, Ringertz O, Svedmyr A, Wallmark G, Alin K, Ström J, Gerzén P, Herzenberg H, Jansson U, Ursing J, Werneman H Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:45-56
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. III. Diagnosis, clinical classification and symptoms, differential diagnosis and therapy Ström J, Gerzén P, Herzenberg H, Jansson U, Ursing J, Werneman H Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:57-65
- Organization of hospital care for smallpox cases at the hospital for infectious diseases in Stockholm Ström J Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:66-70
- Virological findings during the smallpox outbreak in Stockholm in 1963 Espmark A, Biberfeld G, Fagraeus A, Johnsson T, Jonsson J, Magnusson B Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:71-86
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. V. Postvaccinal reactions and complications Bengtsson E, Hansson S, Nyström B Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:87-104
- Neurological complications after smallpox vaccination Holmgren B, Lindblom U Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:105-112
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. Circulatory studies in patients with abnormal ECG in the course of postvaccinal complications Bengtsson E, Holmgren A, Nyström B Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:113-126
- ECG-changes without subjective symptoms after smallpox vaccination of military personnel Ahlborg B, Linroth K, Nordgren B Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:127-134
- Smallpox vaccination of patients with increased risk of complications Ericsson H Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:135-138
- Smallpox vaccination during pregnancy Engström L Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:139-146
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. The assessment, and the vaccination, of patients with cutaneous disorders Eriksson G, Forsbeck M Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:147-157
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. Postvaccinal dermatoses Rajka G, Nilzén A Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:158-161
- A case of asthma after vaccination against smallpox Ekbom K Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:170-171
1976 [On the history of smallpox in Sweden]. Swedish Arvidsson SO Nord Medicinhist Arsb 1976:67-78
1977 [A gleaning from the Swedish history of smallpox: From chill-inducing drugs via variolation to the emergence of cow pox vaccine]. Swedish Lakartidningen 1977 74(3):137-8

United Kingdom

Year Title Authors Journal
1965 Importing of smallpox Br Med J 1965 1(5441):1075 OPEN
1966 Mild smallpox Br Med J 1966 1(5498):1248-9 OPEN
1967 WER. Importation: London. From Pakistan WHO WER 20 Oct 1967 42(42):479 PDF
1967 WER. Importation: London update. 2nd case WHO WER 3 Nov 1967 42(45):500 PDF
1967 WER. Importation: London update. No additional cases WHO WER 10 Nov 1967 42(48):512 PDF
1968 WER. Importation: London. From Pakistan WHO WER 8 Mar 1968 43(10):141 PDF
1969 WER. Importation: Suspected. Confirmed as chickenpox WHO WER 3 Jan 1969 44(1):9 PDF
1971 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 62: 3 Sep 1971
Change in vaccination policy: UK
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 36:376-9 PDF
1973 Smallpox unawares Br Med J 1973 2(5858):70 OPEN
1974 WER. Vaccination complications. Report WHO WER 10 May 1974 49(19):169 PDF
1975 WER. Vaccination complications. Report on eczema vaccinatum WHO WER 5 Sep 1975 50(36):313-4 PDF
1978 WER. Smallpox case: Birmingham. Lab-associated. Actions taken WHO WER 1 Sep 1978 53(35):265-6 PDF
1978 WER. Outbreak: Birmingham. Update. Actions taken WHO WER 8 Sep 1978 53(36):271 PDF
1978 WER. Smallpox case: Birmingham. Update. Death of initial case. One secondary case. Actions taken WHO WER 15 Sep 1978 53(37):279 PDF
1978 WER. Smallpox case: Birmingham. Update WHO WER 22 Sep 1978 53(38):283 PDF
1978 WER. Smallpox case: Birmingham. Update. Secondary case discharged from hospital. No additional cases. WHO WER 6 Oct 1978 53(40):295 PDF
1978 New smallpox outbreak leads scientist to suicide Wade N Science 1978 201(4361):1108
1978 New smallpox case seems lab-caused Wade N Science 1978 201(4359):893
1979 Smallpox death in Britain challenges presumption of laboratory safety Hawkes N Science 1979 203(4383):855-6
1979 WER. Vaccination complications. Vaccinia virus surveillance WHO WER 11 May 1979 54(19):150 PDF

United States

Year Title Authors Journal
1965 Smallpox immunization in the United States Kempe CH, Benenson AS JAMA 1965 194(2):161-6
1965 Place of smallpox vaccination in the United States Lebrun AJ Arch Environ Health 1965 10:79-83
1969 Routine childhood vaccination against smallpox reconsidered Lane JM, Millar JD N Engl J Med 1969 281(22):1220-4
1971 The case for abolishing routine childhood smallpox vaccination in the United States Neff JM Am J Epidemiol 1971 93(4):245-247
1971 Possible alternatives to routine smallpox vaccination in the United States Benenson AS Am J Epidemiol 1971 93(4):248-252
1974 WER. Recommendations for handling suspected smallpox case WHO WER 27 Sep 1974 49(39):326-9 PDF

Yugoslavia

Year Title Authors Source
1972 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 70A, 21 Apr 1972
Outbreak: Yugoslavia
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 47(16):161-2 PDF
1972 Smallpox in Yugoslavia Med J Aust 1972 1(21):1063-4
1973 [Smallpox in Yugoslavia and Hanover in 1972 (author's transl)]. German Buchwald G Med Klin 1973 68(39):1271-4
1973 Epidemiologic aspects of smallpox in Yugoslavia in 1972 S Litvinjenko, B Arsić, S Borjanović WHO/SE/73.57 PDF
1974 [Vaccination state of the patients with smallpox in Kosovo]. Serbian Kecmanović M, Suvaković V Srp Arh Celok Lek 1974 102(6):427-37